Understanding Oral Cancers

Understanding Oral Cancers

Understanding Oral Cancers

Oral cancers, while overshadowed by other types of cancer, are a significant health concern. Dr Rakesh Katna, a consultant oncosurgeon at Lilavati Hospital, Bombay Hospital and Jaslok Hospital, says, “Raising awareness of risk factors, symptoms and prevention strategies is essential to encourage regular screenings and early detection.”


Who Is at risk? 

  • Tobacco: Smoking cigarettes, cigars, pipes and chewing tobacco expose the mouth to harmful chemicals and significantly increase the risk of oral cancers. 
  • Alcohol: Excessive and frequent alcohol consumption, especially when combined with tobacco use, is a major risk factor. 
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection 
  • Excessive sun exposure

When should one visit an oncosurgeon? 

  • Persistent mouth sores 
  • Red or white patches in the mouth or tongue 
  • Unexplained bleeding 
  • Difficulty swallowing 
  • Persistent sore throat 
  • Changes in voice 
  • Swelling in neck and throat

What are the treatment options for oral cancers?

  • Surgery: The removal of the tumour and surrounding tissue is the most common approach for localised oral cancer. 
  • Radiation therapy: High-energy beams, such as X-rays, are used to target and destroy cancer cells. This can be used alone or in combination with surgery. 
  • Chemotherapy: Medications are used to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. Chemotherapy is often used in advanced cases or when cancer has spread. 
  • Immunotherapy: This aims to enhance the body’s immune system to fight cancer. It has shown promise in the treatment of some types of oral cancer. 

“In conclusion, oral cancer prevention involves a combination of lifestyle changes, regular check-ups and awareness. By adopting a proactive approach to your oral health and making informed choices, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing oral cancer and improve your overall well-being. Remember that early detection is key to successful treatment, so stay vigilant and seek medical advice if you notice any unusual symptoms in your mouth or throat,” says Dr Katna.


Dr Rakesh Katna is known as best ocnologist in Thane, with his exceptional records in the field of cancer. With years of experience and commitment to best care for patients, Dr Katna has earned a best reputation for his expertise on diagnosing and treating various types of cancer. His comprehensive approach to cancer care encompasses the latest advancements in medical technology and treatment protocols, ensuring that his patients receive the highest standard of care possible. Dr Katna is compassionate presence and personalized attention to unique needs of each patient have acquired him respect and admired within medical community and among his patients. His determination pursued of excellence in oncology has made him trusted doctor and a beacon of hope for those battling in cancer.

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